Women are more sceptical than men about some uses of artificial intelligence (AI). This is the case concerning use of driverless cars and using AI to find false information on social media, according to a new analysis of US data made by Pew Research Center.
34% of women are unsure about whether social media algorithms to find false information are a good or bad idea, compared with 26% of men. When it comes to the use of face recognition by police, 31% of women are not certain whether it is a good or bad idea, compared with 22% of men.
Women are more likely to support the inclusion of a wider variety of groups in AI design. 67% of women say it’s extremely or very important for social media companies to include people of different genders when designing social media algorithms to find false information, compared with 58% of men. Women are also more likely to say it is important that different racial and ethnic groups are included in the same AI design process (71% vs. 63%).
Additionally, women are more doubtful than men that it is possible to design AI computer programs that can consistently make fair decisions in complex situations. Only around two-in-ten women (22%) think it is possible to design AI programs that can consistently make fair decisions, while a larger share of men (38%) say the same. A plurality of women (46%) say they are not sure whether this is possible, compared with 35% of men.
”Overall, women in the U.S. are less likely than men to say that technology has had a mostly positive effect on society (42% vs. 54%) and more likely to say technology has had equally positive and negative impacts (45% vs. 37%). In addition, women are less likely than men to say they feel more excited than concerned about the increased use of AI computer programs in daily life (13% vs. 22%).”
”Gender remains a factor in views about AI and technology’s impact when accounting for other variables, such as respondents’ political partisanship, education and race and ethnicity.”
The analysis says women are consistently more likely than men to express concern about computer programs executing tasks. 43% of women say they would be very or somewhat concerned if AI programs could diagnose medical problems, while 27% of men say the same.
”In addition to gender differences about AI in general, women and men express different attitudes about autonomous cars, specifically”, the analysis says
37% of men say driverless cars are a good idea for society, while 17% of women say the same. Women, are somewhat more likely than men to say they are not sure if the widespread use of driverless vehicles is a good or bad idea (32% vs. 25%).
46% of men say they would definitely or probably personally want to ride in a driverless passenger vehicle if given the opportunity, compared with 27% of women. 54% of women say they would not feel comfortable sharing the road with a driverless passenger vehicle if their use becomes widespread. Only 35% of men say the same.